How to make a Curriculum Vitae (CV)

How to make a Curriculum Vitae (CV)

On this page we are going to advise you on the steps you must follow for the correct preparation of your Curriculum Vitae, with examples of it.

The Curriculum Vitae

The professionals dedicated to the hiring of personnel expect that the Curriculum Vitae is the clear and concise expression of information on personal data, training and professional experience of the person who aspires to a job.


The main objective  to prepare your Curriculum Vitae is to obtain an interview.

The Curriculum Vitae fulfills a triple function:

  • Introduce yourself to your future employer.
  • Highlight the most important aspects of your academic and work journey; as well as your personality
  • After the interview, remind your future employer of the data that best speaks about you.

Of your strengths, your Curriculum Vitae should highlight those that are perfectly suited to the role you must play in the company, without lying . You must adapt your Curriculum depending on the job you are applying for.

How to structure your Curriculum Vitae

Sections that a Curriculum Vitae must have:

Personal data : Name and surnames, DNI, place and date of birth, personal address, contact telephone number, email address…

Academic training : Studies carried out, indicating dates, center, and place where they have been carried out.

Complementary training : Studies and seminars that extend and complement your regulated training, indicating the dates, the center and the place where they were carried out.

Professional Experience : Contracts, agreements and collaborations. Work experience carried out, including study internships that may be of interest to the company that wishes to hire you. Do not forget to indicate the dates, the company where you worked and the functions and tasks carried out.

Languages : In this section you will mention the languages ​​you know and your level. If you obtained a recognized title, such as the ‘First Certificate’ in English, that accredits your knowledge, indicate it.

Computing : Indicate any computer knowledge you have: operating systems, word processors, spreadsheets, databases, graphic design, internet, etc.

Other Information of Interest : In this last section, it indicates all those aspects that have not been included yet, such as: Driver’s license, availability, etc.

How to present your Curriculum Vitae

There are three ways to present a Curriculum Vitae: chronological , reverse chronological , and functional .

The Reverse Chronological Curriculum Vitae

This presentation is practical and gains ground every day.

It is to start with the most recent data. It has the advantage of highlighting your most current studies and experiences first, which are obviously the ones that most interest people who are likely to hire you.

Highlight the evolution of your training and work career

Its chronological presentation offers the ideal outline for a subsequent personal interview.


Chronological Curriculum Vitae

It allows presenting the information starting from the oldest to the most recent.


The functional resume

Distribute the information by topic and provide a quick overview of your training and experience in a given field. It is a perfect marketing tool; As it does not follow a chronological progression, it allows you to select the positive points and to omit any errors in the route, downtime, frequent job changes…

It is usually recommended for expert candidates with extensive professional experience.

The personnel selection and hiring specialist is accustomed to these three forms of CV presentation, so you should choose the one that best suits your personal, educational and professional profile.


  • Your resume should not exceed two pages.
  • You have to take care of the style and avoid spelling errors.
  • Before sending it, it should be subjected to a critical reading by third parties.
  • You have to take care of the image: quality paper, characters appropriate to the content, presentation that facilitates reading…
  • The attached photograph must be recent and passport size.